开发后的两个理论和后现代女权主义批评是派生的。后发展理论”是一个反应感觉失败的开发实践依据的主导理论发展”(Sahle 2008:71)。其中最著名的是现代化和新自由主义理论。而不是出于资本主义和自由市场的增长,在后者的理论提到的一样,缩短旨在利用当地知识和研究的进展。同样,后现代女权主义意识形态批判的标准开发实践,因为他们相信他们鼓励均化和全球化的日益增长的趋势。他们像开发后学者,强调不同的观点,经验,和声音的人,特别是女性。后现代女权主义者还声称,“这普遍的解释女性的生活常常不能捕获女人的具体情况在时间和空间”并指向周围第三世界女性文学尤其有问题(Okeke 1996:223)。后现代女权主义者也对新自由主义的看法和现代化结合开发后学者,他们认为全球化使劳动力是按照性别划分的女性,特别是那些女性创造一个伟大的缺点在第三世界(咀嚼2006:30)。
Post-development and postmodern feminism are the two theories from which my criticism is derived. Post-development theory is a reaction to “the perceived failures of development practices informed by dominant theories of development” (Sahle 2008: 71). The most prominent of these theories are modernization and neo-liberalism. Instead of being motivated by capitalism and free- market growth, as is the case in the latter mentioned theories, post-development aims to use local knowledge and research as a means of progressing. Similarly, postmodern feminist ideology is highly critical of standard development practices, as they believe that they encourage the ever-growing trend of homogenization and globalization. They, like post-development scholars, emphasize varied opinions, experiences, and voices of people, specifically women. Postmodern feminists also claim that “that universal explanation of women’s lives often fail to capture women’s specific circumstances across time and space” and point to the literature surrounding Third World women as being particularly problematic (Okeke 1996: 223). Postmodern feminists views on neo-liberalism and modernization also align with post-development scholars, as they believe globalization has caused the labour force to be divided along gendered lines creating a great disadvantage to women and specifically those women in the third world (Chew 2006: 30).