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北美语言学作业代写:文字处理

文字处理对于人们表达和交流他们的思想和感情以建立社会和人际关系是必不可少的。本报告有助于衡量词汇与非词汇、相关词汇和非相关词汇在时间和准确性方面的区别。研究的另一个变量是性别差异及其对语义启动的影响。来自约克大学的139名参与者参与了一项名为“词汇决策任务”的实验。结果表明:与非词汇相比,词汇的识别速度更快、更准确;与非词汇相比,相关词汇的识别速度更快、更准确;与非相关词汇相比,相关词汇的识别速度更快、更准确。语言处理是一个复杂的过程,在心理学和心理语言学领域都有广泛的研究。它包括通过语言表达和理解一个人的思想和感受,以便与他人交流。本报告将侧重于文字处理和语义启动。阿什克拉夫特(1998)认为,“任何先出现的刺激,看看它是否会影响后来的信息”。语义启动发生在当一个个体对一个目标词的反应比一个不相关的启动词(词)更快时。本报告还探讨了性别差异如何影响语义启动或文字处理。通常用来衡量这一点的实验称为词汇决策任务,稍后将在本报告的方法中讨论。这项研究很重要,因为它提供了更多关于语言处理方式的知识。

北美语言学作业代写:文字处理

Word processing is essential for people to express and communicate their thoughts and feelings in order to establish social and interpersonal relationships. This report helps measure how words are distinguished from nonwords as well as related words and nonrelated words, in terms of time and accuracy. The additional variable investigated is the gender differences and how it affects the semantic priming. The sample of 139 participants from York University took part in the experiment known as the Lexical Decision Task. The RT and ACC were recorded which concluded that words are faster and more accurately identified than nonwords and related words are quickly recognized as compared to unrelated words. There was no significant correlation found between gender and the RT and ACC of the participants in the task .Language processing is a complex mechanism that is widely researched in the fields of psychology and psycholinguistics. It involves expressing and comprehending one’s thoughts and feelings through words in order to communicate with other people. This report will focus on word processing and semantic priming. Ashcraft (1998) suggested that “any stimulus that is presented first, to see if it influences later information”. Semantic priming occurs when an individual responds to a target word faster when it is preceded by a word related to the target word as compared to an unrelated prime (word). This report also explores how gender differences can affect semantic priming or word processing. The experiment typically used to measure this is called the Lexicon Decision Task which will later be discussed in the Methods of this report. This study is important as it provides more knowledge about the way language is processed.

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