留学文书写作技巧 2023美国留学申请文书写作思路分享

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在美本申请中,文书是一个重要的环节。可以说,相对于去其他国家留学,美本申请中的文书权重是比较大的。因此,我们需多加重视这个环节。那么,文书是什么?学校想要从文书中看到什么?文书的实质是通过书面的形式,申请者本人向大学介绍自己的最好和最重要的一个方式。我们先来看使用比较多的Common app系统。大家知道,在这个系统中,我们要写一个common essay——“主文书”,这是我们申请的所有大学共用的。


Common app系统中主文书的要求是这样写的:!

“The essay demonstrates your ability to write clearly and concisely on a selected topic and helps you distinguish yourself in your own voice. What do you want the readers of your application to know about you apart from courses, grades, and test scores? Choose the option that best helps you answer that question and write an essay of no more than 650 words, using the prompt to inspire and structure your response. Remember: 650 words is your limit, not your goal. Use the full range if you need it, but don't feel obligated to do so. (The application won't accept a response shorter than 250 words.)”



  • 书面表达要清晰和简洁明了(clear and concise)。我们确实见过一些文书,写得比较难懂,读起来比较费劲。其实,换位思考:招生官要阅读大量的材料,如果能够清晰简洁,对大家都是好事;
  • 用自己的声音展现自己的独特之处。注意要能够通过阅读文书听到申请者的声音(in your own voice)。正所谓文如其人,最好是阅读文书后获得的感觉和你一揽子申请材料的其他部分能够对得上,有一致性。然后就是,讲的内容是能够把自己和别人区分开来的点(distinguish yourself);
  • 内容是考试和分数之外的东西。字数限制在650个单词内。


1、 Some students have a background, identity, interest, or talent that is so meaningful they believe their application would be incomplete without it. If this sounds like you, then please share your story.


2、 The lessons we take from obstacles we encounter can be fundamental to later success. Recount a time when you faced a challenge, setback, or failure. How did it affect you, and what did you learn from the experience?


3、 Reflect on a time when you questioned or challenged a belief or idea. What prompted your thinking? What was the outcome?


4、 Reflect on something that someone has done for you that has made you happy or thankful in a surprising way. How has this gratitude affected or motivated you?


5、 Discuss an accomplishment, event, or realization that sparked a period of personal growth and a new understanding of yourself or others.


6、 Describe a topic, idea, or concept you find so engaging that it makes you lose all track of time. Why does it captivate you? What or who do you turn to when you want to learn more?


7、 Share an essay on any topic of your choice. It can be one you've already written, one that responds to a different prompt, or one of your own design.



01.首先,不要模仿(no copycat)

Common app官方题目很明确地说了,要写自己的独特之处,如果你模仿别人,怎么展现你的独特性呢?但是现在确实要注意这一点,因为一些前几届的学生可能取得了申请上的成功,免不了后边几届的学生可能会好奇他们是如何做到的,可能会想去照搬别人的成功,不管是学习上,自身特点的挖掘,或者课外活动,甚至文书。但就如同我们反复说的,有些时候别人的成功路径,恰恰是我们应该避免模仿的,因为后来模仿者会很多。还是应该挖掘自己的特点,制定符合自身特点的定位





当然,除了申请大学共用的主文书之外,有些大学还有自己学校单独的文书要求,这就是所谓的附加文书(supplemental essay)。典型的题目包括:你为什么喜欢我这个学校?你为什么要学习某个专业?你为什么喜欢这个大学所在的城市?通常回答的篇幅比较短。


比如:What advice would a wisdom tooth have? (一颗智齿会给出什么建议?)

比如:“UChicago has been affiliated with over 90 Nobel laureates. But, why should economics, physics, and peace get all the glory? You are tasked with creating a new category for the Nobel Prize. Explain what it would be, why you chose your specific category, and the criteria necessary to achieve this accomplishment.”(超过90位诺贝尔获奖者和芝加哥大学有关联。但是为什么只有经济学、物理还有和平奖等位列其中?你现在的任务是创造一个新的诺贝尔奖项。解释一下它应该是什么?为什么选择这个领域?获奖的条件是什么?)

除了Common app系统,我们在申请加州系的公立大学的时候,还会使用它专有的系统。今年,加州大学系统的申请文书是这样要求的:一共需要写4篇中等长度的文书(250-350个单词)。

有一篇是必写题目:“Please describe how you have prepared for your intended major, including your readiness to succeed in your upper-division courses once you enroll at the university.”描述一下你是如何为你的意向专业做准备的?比如你入读大学之后,为大三、大四课程的成功准备的如何?解读:你意向专业的相关科研、课程、考试都可以写。