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论文参考文献 Using and organising of social partnerships

本文将根据不同的来源,展示了“雇佣关系”这个术语的含义,并将包括该术语的不同的计划和计划。本文旨在提供的研究问题的答案,并将分析批判性的举措和计划所涉及的利益和关注,我将调查如何影响“工会”在他们的成员和他们的影响力下降的影响。工会已经下降的影响,它是在这篇文章中,我将解释为什么,也是如何纠正去的问题。为了回答这个问题,研究将通过各种期刊文章,学术文献,并通过互联网进行。也将有一个结论在结束这篇文章,我将总结本文突出主要发现和争论,在讨论的话题。

This essay will demonstrate the meaning of the term ’employment relations’ according to different sources and will include the different initiatives and schemes of that term. This paper seeks to provide the answer to the research question and will analyse critically the benefits and concerns for the initiatives and schemes involved, I will investigate how the initiatives affect the ‘trade unions’ in terms of their decline in membership and their influence. Trade unions have been decreasing in influence and it is in this essay that I will explain why that is and also how to rectify the on going problem. In order to answer the question, research will be carried out through various journal articles, academic literature and via the internet. There will also be a conclusion at the end of this essay where by I will be summarising the paper and highlighting the main findings and arguments within the topic discussed.

据heery中午(2001),“员工关系”是一个常见的标题为工业关系功能在人事管理,有时也用作工业关系学术领域的另一个标签。这个术语强调劳资关系并不局限于工会的研究还包括员工管理的多种模式,包括系统的直接沟通和员工参与目标的个体劳动者”、“员工关系涉及的工作与维护雇主与雇员的关系,有助于令人满意的生产力,激励身体,和士气。从本质上讲,员工关系方面预防和解决的问题涉及谁出现或影响工作的情况”的个人,(heery中午200,页53)。

According to Heery and Noon (2001), “employee relations’ is a common title for the industrial relations function within personnel management and is also sometimes used as an alternative label for the academic field of industrial relations. The term underlines the fact that industrial relations are not confined to the study of trade unions but embraces the broad pattern of employee management, including systems of direct communication and employee involvement that targets the individual worker”, “employee relations involves the body of work concerned with maintaining employer-employee relationships that contribute to satisfactory productivity, motivation, and morale. Essentially, employee relations are concerned with preventing and resolving problems involving individuals who arise out of or affect work situations”, (Heery and Noon 200, pg 53).

工会是有组织的员工群体,由一个或多个工作描述的工人组成。这些有组织的团体代表了在工作的人,他们成立的原因是为了保护他们的成员对雇主的利益。工会的存在是因为一个工人很少有能力去影响他或她的工作所做的决定。通过与其他工人一起,有更多的机会,有一个声音和影响力。英国的工会在英国劳资关系中起到了非常大的、关键的作用。为了提供一个统一的声音,以捍卫工会的权利,他们成立了工会大会,每年将举行讨论劳工运动的重要性的问题。工会代表大会成立于1868,代表工会运动的政治手臂,作为成员工会的基本从属关系。它主要是为了给工会一个政治的发言权,一个组织,工会可以就工会运动的事务和问题进行辩论,作为一个整体。

Trade unions are organised groups of employees who consist of workers of one or more job description. These organised groups represent people at work and the reason that they were formed was to protect the interests of their members against the employers. Trade unions exist because an individual worker has very little power to influence decisions that are made about his or her job. By joining together with other workers, there is more chance of having a voice and influence. The trade unions in Britain have played a very big and critical role within the British industrial relations. In order to provide a united voice in defence of trade union rights, they established the Trade Union Congress which would be held every year to discuss issues of importance to the labour movement. The Trade Union Congress established in 1868 and represents the political arm of the trade union movement, existing as a basic affiliation of member unions. It was mainly formed to give trade unions a political voice, and an organisation whereby unions could make debates about the affairs and issues of the trade union movement as a whole.

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