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拜纳姆,Caroline Walker。”材料的连续性,个人的生存和身体的Â复活:在中世纪和现代语境Â学术讨论,“分裂与救赎:论性别和中世纪的宗教Â人体,页面237-417(纽约:带书,1992)




Bynum, Caroline Walker. “Material Continuity, Personal Survival and the Resurrection of the Body: A Scholastic Discussion in Its Medieval and Modern Contexts,” in Fragmentation and Redemption: Essays on Gender and the Human Body in Medieval Religion, pages 237-417 (New York: Zone Books, 1992)

The article talks about how the concept of resurrection was viewed amongst the context of medieval and modern life which was integral to the understanding of the soul-mind-body problem and many such similar questions that mankind has been asking for centuries. Theologians have been asking various questions about whether the person’s body that has been resurrected feels the same senses, feelings, tastes and even the kind of eating habits after resurrection. Thirteen century theologians started with the view of the body and soul to be as one and later settled on the belief that material continuity was essential to the existence of life and that identity was an essential part of it. This last view of the medieval theologians complied to a great extent with the modern theology which mostly revolves around the significance of personal identity. Alongside personal identity the idea of understanding one’s body also became crucial to the concept of continuity, survival and resurrection. However there were to large extent similarities between the thinking of medieval and modern theologians ranging from the most bizarre stories about the importance of material continuity to one’s body to that of bodily partition.

It is only reasonable to understand however that we would question the material continuity of body when being confronted with the reality of transplants, means of artificial technology to restore body parts and to control other diseases. One would consider the implications of a world where all the inventions in terms of medical developments which constantly strive to look for improved ways of suspending death artificially have on the concept of personal identity and contemporary thoughts on death, dying and afterlife.