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美国波特兰州立大学论文代写:精神分析

许多顾问他们的历史可以追溯到1880年代的西格蒙德·弗洛伊德的工作被培训成为一个神经科专家,弗洛伊德开始私人诊所在1886年到1896年开发出一种方法处理歇斯底里病人他称之为“精神分析”弗洛伊德(1949)。根据Mytton说道和德莱顿(2004)弗洛伊德的工作已经高度影响力在无意识防御机制等概念,弗洛伊德口误和梦想的象征。然而,总值(2001)提出他的理论仍然广泛争议,弗洛伊德的理论和研究方法是有争议的在他的生活和今天仍是如此但很少争议他对心理学家和学术倾向产生巨大影响。霍尔特(1989)认为弗洛伊德的生活描绘,他只是一个人,有时候可能会说,他的意思是,不真实的和不公正的,但他不希望被任何其他人的不同。根据加菲尔德(1981)弗洛伊德的理论提供了第一个真正的范式革命精神分析心理思想的出现。他进一步指出,弗洛伊德对心理学的贡献可以分为三个理论的里程碑或思维范式。从行为主义发展是库恩(1970)“范式转换”在识别有用的革命在心理理论库恩声称大部分的范式都预示着在一些伟大的新发现或新思维方式。弗洛伊德的三个重要发现和范式转换是创伤,驱动,自我范式。

美国波特兰州立大学论文代写:精神分析

Many counsellors can trace their history back to the work of Sigmund Freud in the 1880’s who was trained as a neurologist, Freud started a private practice in 1886 and by 1896 had developed a method of working with hysterical patients which he called ‘psychoanalysis’ Freud (1949). According to Mytton and Dryden (2004) Freud’s work has been highly influential in such notions as the unconscious defence mechanisms, Freudian slips and dream symbolism. However, Gross (2001) suggest his theories remain widely disputed, Freud’s theories and research methods were controversial during his life and still are so today but few dispute his huge impact on psychologists and the academically inclined. Holt (1989) suggest Freud’s life portrayed that he was only human, some might have said that he was sometimes mean, untruthful and unjust, but he did not expect to be treated any different to anyone else. According to Garfield (1981) Freud’s theories provided the first true paradigmatic revolution in psychological thought out of which psychoanalysis emerged. He further suggested that Freud’s contribution to psychology could be divided into three theoretical milestones or paradigms in his thinking. Evolving from behaviourism was Kuhn (1970) ‘paradigm shift’ which was useful in identifying revolutions in psychological theorising Kuhn claims that most paradigms are heralded in by some great new discovery or new way of thinking. Freud’s three important discoveries and paradigm shifts was the trauma, the drive, and the ego paradigm.

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