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美国俄亥俄论文代写:物质的基础

柏克莱说,物质的基础是这样一个假设,即除了事物的特殊性质之外,我们还可以形成一种抽象的概念,即所有事物的共同属性都是物质作为一种基质。然而,按照伯克利的说法,这是不可能的:我们没有对物质的感官感知;我们对每一件事物的感知是扩展的,没有任何残留的感觉或想法。的确,在这种情况下,事情将不再有任何结果:它似乎被某种不确定的“雾”所溶解,而这种“雾”一般不会影响任何事情。因此,伯克利有一个格言般的假设:“存在——意味着存在于感知之中。”柏克莱的哲学思想和他的无神论立场使我们得出以下结论。如果没有上帝,那么我们所认为的物质对象必定有一种间歇性的生命:它们在知觉的那一刻突然出现,一旦它们离开了知觉主体的视野,就会立即消失。但是,伯克利认为,由于上帝的不断守夜,世界上的一切(树木、岩石、水晶等)都是不断存在的,这是一种很好的感觉。伯克利是一位杰出的作家,他有着优雅的风格(顺便说一下,他28岁时写了很多作品!)他不仅是一名牧师(爱尔兰克洛因的主教)和哲学家,而且还是一名心理学家。伯克利试图证明我们只能感知事物的属性:这些属性是如何影响我们的感官的,但是我们并没有抓住事物的本质,即使这些属性是相对于感知主体的。感觉印象是心理现象。

美国俄亥俄论文代写:物质的基础

Berkeley remarked that the basis of the matter is the assumption that we can, apart from the particular properties of things, form the abstract idea of the common for all of them material as a kind of substrate. However, according to Berkeley, it is impossible: we do not have the sensory perception of matter; our perception of each item is expanded without any residue on the perception of a certain sum of individual sensations or ideas. Indeed, in this case there will nothing remain from the matter: it seems to be dissolved in some “fog” of uncertainty, which in general can not influence anything. So, here is an aphoristic postulate of Berkeley: “To be – means to be in perception.”The philosophical ideas of Berkeley and his atheist position lead us to the following conclusion. If there is no God, then the things we consider the material objects must have a spasmodic life: suddenly emerged at the moment of perception, they immediately would disappear as soon they leave the field of view of the perceiving subject. But, Berkeley argued that due to the constant vigil of God, everything in the world (trees, rocks, crystals, etc.) exists constantly, as a good sense befits. Berkeley was an outstanding writer, who had an elegant style (by the way, his numerous works he wrote when he was 28!). He was not only a priest (Bishop in Cloyne,Ireland) and a philosopher but a psychologist also.Berkeley tried to prove that we perceive only the properties of things: how these things affect our senses, but we do not grasp the very essence of things, even though the properties are relative to the perceiving subject. Sensory impressions are the phenomena of the psyche.

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