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美国华盛顿论文代写:罗斯福

在整个演讲中,罗斯福运用了两种不同的民族主义和悲情修辞模式,以进一步完善他的论证。在更大的背景下看演讲,很明显罗斯福在向目标听众写演讲稿时如何运用这些吸引力。因为他说的是主要的美利坚合众国市民,其中一个主要的诉求,罗斯福采用的是悲情,是情感的诉求或招魂。例如,罗斯福在讲话中提到,“日本政府蓄意以虚假的声明和表达希望维持和平的方式欺骗美国”(珍珠港向全国发表讲话)。说,美国是一个整体,意味着整个国家都被日本欺骗了,认为日本人也有类似的和平目标,罗斯福唤醒了美国人民心中的背叛感。罗斯福还用精神气质、诉诸道德或道德的观点来支持他的论点。在演讲结束时,罗斯福断言,对于日本,“美国人民以正义的意志赢得绝对胜利”(珍珠港向全国发表讲话)。在这句话中,罗斯福将宗教纳入了进一步激励听众的论点中,并向他们保证,对日本发动战争是合乎道德的。

美国华盛顿论文代写:罗斯福

Throughout the speech, Roosevelt utilizes two rhetorical modes of ethos and pathos, in order to further complete his argument as a whole. Looking at the speech in a larger context, it is evident how Roosevelt uses these appeals when writing his speech to the intended audience. Since he is speaking mainly to the citizens of the United States of America, one of the main appeals Roosevelt uses is Pathos which is the appeal or evocation of emotion. For example, Roosevelt mentions in his speech that “the Japanese government has deliberately sought to deceive the United States by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace” (Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation). By stating that the United States, which implies the nation as a whole, was deceived by Japan into thinking that the Japanese had similar goals of peace in mind, Roosevelt awakens the feeling of betrayal by Japan in the hearts of the American citizens. Roosevelt also backs up his argument with the use of ethos, the appeal to ethics or morals. Towards the ending of his speech, Roosevelt assert that, in regards to Japan, “the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory” (Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation). In this phrase, Roosevelt incorporates religion into the argument which further inspires the audience, and assures them that it is morally right to wage war against Japan.

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