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美国环境作业代写:柴油汽车

在这种情况下,污染。社会成本随着污染水平的增加而增加,污染水平又随着生产水平的增加而增加,所以在第1点和第1点,汽车被过度生产,因为只有私人成本被考虑在决策中。社会成本最小化将导致较低的生产水平。然而,在这种情况下,增加汽车的价格由政府收费柴油汽车进入曼彻斯特将价格Popt.和数量选择。在这一点上,由于价格增加的数量将减少更少的人愿意花额外的钱进入曼彻斯特使用柴油汽车创造一个社会平衡和停止汽车的过度消费。随着社会成本的考虑,越来越少的人使用柴油车,所以污染也会减少。向进入曼彻斯特的柴油车收取费用是筹集政府资金的一个好办法,政府资金可以用来资助经济中存在市场失灵(如不平等)的其他领域,或者减少其他税收(如帮助穷人的低税率所得税)。有了这项政策为政府带来的额外资金,可以把更多的钱花在公共交通上,这也会增加使用公共交通的人数,进一步减少道路上的拥堵和污染。

美国环境作业代写:柴油汽车

in this case pollution. Social costs grow with the level of pollution, which increases with production levels, so at the point P1, Q1, cars are being overproduced as only private costs are considered in decisions. The minimization of social costs would lead to lower production levels. However, in this case the increase in price in cars caused by the government charging diesel cars to enter Manchester would move the price to P opt. and the quantity to Q opt. At this point, due to the price increase the Quantity would decrease as less people would be willing to spend the extra money to enter Manchester using a diesel vehicle creating a Social Equilibrium and stopping the overconsumption of cars. As the social costs are now being taken into account, less people are using diesel vehicles so the pollution would also decrease.Charging diesel cars for entering Manchester is a good way to raise government finance which could be used to fund other parts of the economy which have market failures such as inequality or reduce other taxes such as the lower brackets of income tax which would help the poor. With the additional funds that this policy would bring in for the government more could be spent on public transport which would also increase the amount of people who would use it, further reducing the amount of congestion and pollution on the roads.