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美国康涅狄格论文代写:苏格拉底哲学

首先,苏格拉底哲学可以分为三个原则组件;讽刺,方法,和精神。苏格拉底式反讽最好可以概括为苏格拉底颂扬他的考生而破坏的倾向。在现代背景下,苏格拉底式反讽可以比作一个教授的旁观者知识,从不回答问题也不直截了当地解释他们而是把问题学生相关课程材料期待学生们回答。这悼词和苏格拉底之间的区别不过是他不是知识的旁观者,他声称他一无所知!Delphi的甲骨文可以贴上苏格拉底式反讽的来源,oracle宣布苏格拉底是最聪明的人在雅典,进而导致苏格拉底认为他的角色的承认自己的无知和证明考生的更无知。苏格拉底式反讽的例子有很多,但通常苏格拉底试图表现出的无知,证明他们的想法是错误的。这本身是讽刺,因为苏格拉底承认不知道驳斥了他的对话者的思想;讽刺的是,他反驳的想法时,他承认一无所知。它也是讽刺苏格拉底在雅典宣称他是最聪明的人,因为他知道他是不明智的。对话称为苏格拉底哲学理解道歉是很重要的,因为它需要很多苏格拉底哲学的三个原则的例子。道歉是苏格拉底的言论提出了陪审团审判期间,他被指控在三个账户;腐蚀青年,较强的论点似乎较弱,和敬拜假神。在他的演讲中,苏格拉底采用所谓的“苏格拉底讽刺风格”为自己辩护,否认这些指控。例如,苏格拉底调用oracle的Delphi来证明他不是一个腐蚀者的青年。他认为,而不是将他受审,他的迫害者应该感谢他,因为他只是服从神的意志。苏格拉底试图反驳第二电荷,使较弱的论点似乎更强。为了反驳这个电荷,苏格拉底声称他不不知道他对问题的答案。这是一个苏格拉底式反讽的例子。

美国康涅狄格论文代写:苏格拉底哲学

To begin with, Socrates philosophy can be divided into three principle components; Irony, method, and Ethos. Socratic irony can best be summarized as Socrates tendency to eulogize his examinee while undermining them. In a more modern context, Socratic irony can be compared to a professor, the supposed beholder of knowledge, who never answers questions nor bluntly explains them but rather throws questions to his students that are relevant to the course material expecting the students to answer. The difference between this eulogy and Socrates however is that he is not the beholder of knowledge; he himself claims that he knows nothing! The oracle of Delphi can be labelled as the source of Socratic irony; the oracle declared Socrates to be the wisest man in Athens, which in turn led Socrates to assume his role of confessing his own ignorance and proving his examinee’s to be even more ignorant. There are many examples of Socratic irony but generally Socrates tries to demonstrate ones ignorance by proving their ideas to be false. This in itself is ironic because Socrates who admits to know nothing refutes his interlocutor’s ideas; it is ironic for him to refute ones idea when he admits to knowing nothing. It also is ironic for Socrates to proclaim that he is the wisest man in Athens because he knows that he is not wise. The dialogue known as the Apology is significant in terms of understanding Socrates philosophy because it entails many examples of the three principles of Socrates philosophy. The Apology is essentially the speech that Socrates presents to the jury during his trial where he was charged on three accounts; corrupting the youth, making the stronger argument appear to be the weaker one, and for worshipping false gods. In his speech, Socrates employs what is called ‘Socrates ironic style’ to defend himself and refute the charges. For instance, Socrates invokes the oracle of Delphi to prove that he is not a corrupter of the youth. He argues that instead of putting him on trial, his persecutors should be thanking him since he is simply obeying the will of the gods. Socrates then attempts to disprove the second charge; making the weaker argument seems as the stronger one. To refute this charge, Socrates claims that he doesn’t not know the answers to his expressed questions. This is an example of Socratic irony.

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