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科学的本质是什么?在国家课程中,“科学的本质”的目的是为年轻人提供更多的见解,不仅在目前的科学世界,而是看过去的科学思想的发展,以及他们如何影响我们的思维。科学的本质描述了科学是如何工作的。因此,科学的本质是指导科学教育工作者准确地描绘科学的学生的基本领域。许多当代科学教育者认为鼓励学生理解科学的本质、预设、价值观、目标和局限性是科学教学的中心目标。 座谈会导致报告“超越2000系列:未来的科学教育”(米拉尔和奥斯本,1998)强调了这一中心张力在科学课程,并探索解决。报告认为,科学教育的首要目标应该是提供科学教育和科学教育,以提高所有学生的“科学素养”。学校科学被看作是提供了一个预先的专业培训和行为基本上是筛选的人进入学术科学和专业的科学基础,或遵循科学的职业培训课程。整个科学课程是由一个声明,解释科学的重要性,对年轻人的教育。这句话可以被看作是科学在学校课程中的地位的理由。这种理由包括:满足学生对世界的好奇心,激发学生的好奇心,激发学生的求知欲,培养创造性思维。


What is the Nature of Science? In the National curriculum, ‘The Nature of Science’ was intended to provide young people in schools with further insights into the world of science not only in the present but by looking at the development of scientific ideas in the past and how they influence our thinking today. The Nature of Science describes how the science works. As such, the nature of science is a fundamental domain for guiding science educators in accurately portraying science to students. Many contemporary science educators agree that encouraging students’ understanding of the nature of science, its presuppositions, values, aims, and limitations should be a central goal of science teaching.The series of seminars that led to the report “Beyond 2000: Science education for the future” (Millar and Osborne, 1998) highlighted this central tension within the science curriculum, and explored ways of resolving it. The report argued that the primary goal of science education should be to provide an education in science and about science, which could enhance the ‘scientific literacy’ of all students. School science is seen as providing a pre-professional training and acts essentially as a sieve for selecting those who will enter academic science and the professions that have a scientific base, or follow courses of scientific vocational training. The science curriculum as a whole is introduced by a statement explaining the importance of science to the education of young people. This statement may be read as a justification for the place of science in the school curriculum. This justification includes satisfying pupil’s curiosity about the world, stimulating pupil’s curiosity and providing outlets for it and developing creative thinking.


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