What is the Nature of Science? In the National curriculum, ‘The Nature of Science’ was intended to provide young people in schools with further insights into the world of science not only in the present but by looking at the development of scientific ideas in the past and how they influence our thinking today. The Nature of Science describes how the science works. As such, the nature of science is a fundamental domain for guiding science educators in accurately portraying science to students. Many contemporary science educators agree that encouraging students’ understanding of the nature of science, its presuppositions, values, aims, and limitations should be a central goal of science teaching.The series of seminars that led to the report “Beyond 2000: Science education for the future” (Millar and Osborne, 1998) highlighted this central tension within the science curriculum, and explored ways of resolving it. The report argued that the primary goal of science education should be to provide an education in science and about science, which could enhance the ‘scientific literacy’ of all students. School science is seen as providing a pre-professional training and acts essentially as a sieve for selecting those who will enter academic science and the professions that have a scientific base, or follow courses of scientific vocational training. The science curriculum as a whole is introduced by a statement explaining the importance of science to the education of young people. This statement may be read as a justification for the place of science in the school curriculum. This justification includes satisfying pupil’s curiosity about the world, stimulating pupil’s curiosity and providing outlets for it and developing creative thinking.