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美国马绍尔群岛论文代写:盘子和衣服

尽管存在这些紧张局势,人们仍然有工作来支持城市和城镇人口的增长。任何在个人领地不可用的商品,都是由物物交换获得的。工匠们用农具、盘子和衣服来交换农场上生产的粮食、酒和肉。从十世纪开始,出现了一种新的贸易阶层,称为“小贩”。小贩们从一个城镇到另一个城镇,向贵族和农民提供他们需要的产品。他们经常光顾的地区迅速发展成城镇,成为主要的贸易中心,吸引了许多商人,他们为繁荣的贵族提供了财富。随着贵族变得更富有,他们能够负担宝石、丝绸、异国香料和其他财富的象征。商人们从前从一个城镇到另一个城镇,现在他们正在埃及、摩罗科和土耳其等外国地方旅行。商人的活动永久性地改变了欧洲社会的面貌,导致了一场商业革命,这实质上是权力从地主和贵族转移到商人手中。佛罗伦萨、威尼斯、伦敦和巴黎等新兴城市的财富集中吸引了全世界的商人。

美国马绍尔群岛论文代写:盘子和衣服

In spite of all of these tensions, people still had jobs to support the growing population in cities and towns. Any commodity that was unavailable in individual fiefdoms, was obtained by barter. Artisans made farm implements, dishes, and clothing, which they exchanged for the grain, wine, and meat produced on the farms. Beginning in the tenth century, a new class of trading people emerged, referred to as peddlers. Peddlers traveled from town to town, supplying the nobility and the peasants with the products they needed. The areas frequently visited by them quickly developed into towns, which emerged as major centers of trade and attracted many merchants who supplied the prospering nobility. As the nobility got wealthier, they were able to afford gems, silks, exotic spices, and other symbols of wealth. The merchants who previously went from town to town, were now traveling to foreign locations such as Egypt, Morrocco, and Turkey. The activities of the traders permanently altered the face of European society, leading to a commercial revolution, which was essentially the shift of power from the landlords and nobility to the merchants. Concentration of wealth in emerging cities such as Florence, Venice, London, and Paris attracted merchants worldwide.

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