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美国密歇根大学论文代写:欧洲航空业

如今航空公司面临着许多问题有很多因素导致这些问题和不稳定的燃料成本是其中之一。一桶油的价值直接影响飞机在欧洲航空业。与当前政治纠纷在东欧乌克兰石油天然气公司之间noftohaz Ukrainy和俄罗斯天然气供应国俄罗斯天然气工业股份公司的天然气供应,许多欧洲国家依赖俄罗斯天然气运输到乌克兰。动乱与管道的攻击,在尼日利亚被绑架在中东石油公司员工和与伊拉克战争和伊朗核野心,这一切影响这些国家的石油产量因此油价可能上升的不稳定的自然资源和行业。据统计从通用航空,由于燃料价格飙升,燃料成本占成本的31%主要航空公司的业务从2008年上半年的22%。整个航空业提供额外成本支出2亿美元。提高燃料价格影响航空公司在许多方面,第一燃料具有明显的成本和直接影响操作的成本,其次燃料成本上升已多次引发经济衰退,进而导致对航空旅行和货运的需求大幅下降。燃料价格上涨产生特别不利影响航空公司因为即使及时燃料成本构成营业费用的10%到12%左右。每一分钱提高喷气燃料的价格成本航空业每年1.8亿美元。[4]在缺乏定价权,能够通过这些成本在提高更高的机票——的形式来对这些公司的底线。[5]的航空公司正在竭尽所能节约和降低燃料消耗。与商业航空的发展,航空公司坚持最节能的飞机,与机身和发动机制造商合作,减少燃料消耗,但仍燃料价格,他们不得不面对一个不能控制的因素。

美国密歇根大学论文代写:欧洲航空业

Today airlines companies face many problems there are many factors that contribute to these problems and the unstable fuel cost is one of them. The value of a barrel of oil has a direct impact on airliners within the European aviation industry. With the current political disputes in Eastern Europe between Ukrainian oil and gas company Naftohaz Ukrainy and Russian gas supplier Gazprom over natural gas supplies, numerous European countries that depend on Russian natural gas transported through Ukraine. The unrest in Nigeria with pipelines attacks, kidnapped petroleum company employees and in the Middle East with Iraq war and Iran nuclear ambitions, all this influence the oil production in these countries therefore the cost of oil is likely to rise as is the unstable nature of this resource and industry in general. According to the statistics from the General Aviation Bureau, due to the fuel price surge, the cost of fuel has accounted to 31% of the cost of major business of airline companies in the first half of the year 2008 from 22%. The whole airline industry has afforded additional cost expenditure of $200 million for the same period. Increases in fuel prices affect the airlines in many ways, first the cost of fuel has an obvious and direct impact on the cost of operation, and secondly fuel cost increases have repeatedly triggered economic recessions, which in turn result in a substantial decline in demand for air travel and air cargo. Fuel price increases have a particularly adverse impact on airlines because even in good time fuel costs constitute around 10% to 12% of their operating expense. Every penny increase in the price of jet fuel costs the airline industry $180 million a year. [4] In the absence of pricing power, the ability to pass these costs along in the form of higher airfares -these increases comes right off the bottom line of these companies. [5] The airlines are doing everything they can to conserve and reduce their fuel consumption. With the evolution of commercial aviation, airlines have insisted upon the most fuel-efficient aircraft possible and have worked with airframe and engine manufacturers to reduce fuel consumption but still the fuel price is an incontrollable factor that they have to deal with.

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