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美国南加州大学论文代写:研究工具的发展

如附录B所示,测量仪器使用在本研究分为三个部分。部分由项目,代表两种取向的精益生产,即将精益生产和面向精益生产结构。将精益生产构造是由四个变量即供应商集中(3项),客户集中(3项),员工关注(3项)和持续改进(3项)。同时面向精益生产建设也由四个变量即技术(3项)、流系统(3项),只是在时间(3项)和质量在源头(3项)。

B部分的问卷包括性能的测量覆盖操作性能和业务性能。操作性能构造是由三个变量即质量性能(3项),交付性能(3项)和运营效率(3项)。同时也业务性能构造是由三个变量即销售利润率(单项),盈利能力(单项)和投资回报率(单项)。测量所有项目A和B部分中通过使用李克特7点的规模来获取协议或分歧的受访者,1代表非常不同意,7表示强烈同意声明。

美国南加州大学论文代写:研究工具的发展

As shown in Appendix B, the measurement instrument utilized in this study was divided into three parts. Part A consists of items that represent both orientations of lean production, namely socially-oriented lean production and technically-oriented lean production constructs. Socially-oriented lean production construct was represented by four variables namely supplier focus (3 items), customer focus (3 items), employee focus (3 items) and continuous improvement (3 items). Meanwhile technically-oriented lean production construct was also represented by four variables namely technology (3 items), flow system (3 items), just-in time (3 items) and quality at source (3 items).

Part B of the questionnaire consisted of the measurement of performance which covered both operational performance and business performance. Operational performance construct was represented by three variables namely quality performance (3 items), delivery performance (3 items), and operational efficiency (3 items). Meanwhile business performance construct was represented by also three variables namely return on sales (single item), profitability (single item) and return on investment (single item). All items in Part A and B were measured by using 7 point Likert’s-scale to capture agreement or disagreement of the respondents where 1 represent strongly disagree and 7 indicate strongly agree with the statement.

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