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美国农业论文代写:罗马天主教

罗马天主教和凯尔特基督教之间的巨大差异导致了664年的惠特比。所做的决定对凯尔特人是不利的。爱尔兰的修道院规则被本笃会的规则所取代,并且严格遵守天主教教义。惠特比的法令没有立即生效。特别是德文郡、康沃尔郡和苏格兰继续反对基督教的新形式。这导致了在13世纪之前,在苏格兰的伊奥纳(苏格兰)有一个凯尔特修道院,后来被本笃会修道院取代。然而,英国的基督教开始逐渐适应罗马天主教。尽管如此,凯尔特基督教还是通过口头流传,并且一直保留着英国和爱尔兰教会的信仰。在16世纪的改革之后,凯尔特的传统得到了越来越多的抵抗。大声朗读祈祷文是不鼓励的,甚至是被禁止的,因为它被认为是异教徒和多神教的起源。在苏格兰,宗教迫害和高地清除的结合导致了凯尔特文化的弱化。但即使这样也没有导致凯尔特基督教的终结。在20世纪早期,凯尔特语的祷告在盖尔语中被收集并被记录下来,这是由于人们对凯尔特文学的兴趣重新燃起。部分原因是人们对凯尔特基督教越来越感兴趣。人们对“异教”元素的传统的抗议越来越少,越来越多的人开始欣赏这种宗教。

美国农业论文代写:罗马天主教

The big difference between the Roman Catholic and Celtic Christianity led to the Synod of Whitby in 664. The decisions that were taken, were detrimental to the Celts. The Irish monastic rules were replaced with the rules of the Benedictines and strict adherence to Catholic doctrine was enforced. The decree of Whitby had no immediate effect. Especially Devon, Cornwall and Scotland continued to protest against the new form of Christianity. This resulted in the presence of a Celtic monastery on Iona (Scotland) until the 13th century, which then was replaced by a Benedictine abbey. However, Christianity in Britain began to adapt increasingly to the Roman Catholicism. Despite this, Celtic Christianity was passed on orally and there have always remained elements of the former belief in British and Irish churches. After the Reformation of the 16th century the Celtic tradition got offered more and more resistance. Reading the prayers out loud was discouraged and even forbidden, because it was thought that this was a pagan and polytheistic origin. In Scotland a combination of religious persecution and the highland clearances led to the weakening of the Celtic culture. But even this did not lead to the end of the Celtic Christianity. In the early 20th century Celtic prayers were collected in Gaelic and written down due to a resurgence of interest in Celtic literature. Partly because of this there was a growing interest in Celtic Christianity. People protested less against the tradition of “pagan” elements and more people began to appreciate the religion.

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