CBP is based on the theory that psychological symptoms are related to the link between thoughts, emotions and behaviours. Cognitive theory suggests psychological disorders do not arise from events themselves, but from the meaning people give to these events. How people view themselves, others and the world (Beck, 1964) focussing on unhelpful thinking and behaviour (Ingram et. al., 1998) Once a therapeutic relationship has been formed, both therapist and patient work collaboratively to identify and evaluate thoughts and behaviours that may be maintaining the patient’s symptoms using Socratic dialogue, to guide patients understanding. (Padesky, 1993). Unlike other psychotherapies, it focuses on the ‘here and now’ leading to idiosyncratic therapy goals and strategies which are monitored and evaluated throughout therapy. (BABCP, 2008). It is effective for patients with differing levels of education, income and background (Persons, Burns and Perloff, 1988)
The basic principle of the CBP model is that unhelpful and dysfunctional thinking influences emotions and behaviours across many psychological disorders, therefore it can be applied to many disorders and the treatment adapted accordingly and is highly cost effective compared to other psychodynamic therapies.
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