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美国亚拉巴马论文代写:男女差异

 

         发展而言,有一个自然的方式似乎已经在培养:一个人的产前发展,这在很大程度上是生物驱动的,先于他或她接触社会环境。然而,即使是在产前发展的情况下,环境(如、子宫环境、母亲的社会环境)可以对发育中的胎儿造成重大影响。不过,这些环境输入可能直接影响胎儿通过生物介质如激素水平,免疫因素,血液化学、物理创伤或感染。在讨论可能的因素影响相对先天和后天的影响,我们不应该忽视显而易见的其中一个因素可能是性别本身。图1.1中的因果瀑布草拟了对于男性和女性,有时可能会有所不同。以下结果符合这一假说:父母警察性别在儿子比女儿更强烈。儿童性别隔离的过程更加极端和强烈的,男孩比女孩和男孩似乎警察警察其他男孩比女孩的性别行为更强烈的女孩。男孩的sextyped行为不受成人的影响似乎比女生sex-typed行为。实现性别标签后,年轻女孩显示(如管理人员产生的行为性影响。,减少水平的侵略),男孩不。

        美国亚拉巴马论文代写:男女差异

         In developmental terms, there is one way in which nature seems to have a head start on nurture: an individual’s prenatal development, which is largely biologically driven, precedes his or her exposure to social environments. However, even in the case of prenatal development, environments (e.g., the uterine environment, the mother’s social setting) can have significant impacts on the developing fetus. Still, these environmental inputs are likely to have their immediate effects on the fetus through biological mediators such as hormone levels, immunological factors, blood chemistry, physical traumas, or infectious agents.In discussing possible factors that influence the relative impact of nature and nurture, we should not ignore the obvious-that one such factor may be gender itself. The causal cascades sketched out in Figure 1.1 may sometimes differ for males and females. The following findings are consistent with this hypothesis: Parents police gender more strongly in sons than in daughters. The process of childhood sex segregation is more extreme and intense in boys than it is in girls, and boys seem to police other boys’ gender-related behavior more strongly than girls police girls. Boys’ sextyped behaviors appear to be more impervious to adult influences than girls’ sex-typed behaviors are. After achieving gender labeling, young girls show behavioral effects (e.g., reduced levels of aggression) that boys do not.

 

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