Social Work 论文代写:社会工作的实践形式
Social Work 论文代写:社会工作的实践形式
The aspect of this essay is to understand the key characteristics of a profession and how it relates to the formalisation of the social work practice. This will be addressing the main elements of a profession including specialised knowledge which can be related theoretically knowledge, in other words professionals putting theory into practice and how it develops their competency of their work. The importance of qualification and training; as to why qualification and training is essential moreover, distinguishing the difference between the traditional qualifications such as in the 1970s known as the Certificate in Social Services (CSS) to the current Social Work degree courses. Another component of a profession is the importance of autonomy and how it can impact on a social worker in terms of decision-making. For example, social workers may encounter autonomy when it comes to controlling their own affairs. However, in relation to the needs of service users, they may be issues of difficulty forming relationships with the service users as the excessive amount of caseloads or high public and service demands. This may cause an abridgement within the services and the service users because the importance of autonomy is having responsibilities to yourself and the services you offer at the same time. The ethical guidelines as to what is and not acceptable within a profession. Relating to social work, the essay will discuss what framework that has been establish to ensure ethical views are taking into account. The British Association of Social Workers (BASW) is one of the aspects that recognised the key principles of ethical morals and views. Finally, the essay will discuss the different types of regulatory frameworks that were introduced to maintain high standards of care for the needs of the service users.
A profession means a group of people that are specialised in a particular occupation. For example, an individual that is a doctor can be specialised in children, therefore their occupation would be called paediatricians. Profession consists of professionals that have the same interest, skills based on theoretical knowledge. Therefore it is important that professionals should have extensive period of education to influence the competency of their profession. Hodson and Sullivan (2005, p. 258) implies that profession is a 'high status and knowledge-based occupation that is characterised by the 'Hallmarks of a profession'. The hallmarks of profession suggest profession is split into 4 main components that are based on abstract, specialized knowledge, autonomy, Authority over subordinate occupational groups and a certain degree of altruism.
Specialized knowledge consists of theoretical, practical and techniques. The theoretical knowledge would focus on theoretical guidelines as to what is expected by professionals. In relations to social work, theoretical knowledge is a crucial element to their profession as putting theory into practice; it helps socials workers develop to think critically and analytically. Oke (2008) suggest that one way of linking theory into practice is known as issue-based approach to learning (IBL). IBL encourages meaningful learning as for example, processing information from a source can help encourages a reflexive process of thinking as it explore further on about ideas and speculate in ways you can put the theories into practice. By means of social workers applying the IBL effectively, it would enhance social workers to work proactively as they would be capable of empowering strategies support the needs and wishes of the service users. The competence of knowledge is a key to profession as Payne (2005 p. 185) suggests professionalism, associated with increasing organisation alongside increasing knowledge and power. Therefore, this may link to entry of qualification, the higher the qualification the more competent on their understanding of putting theories into practice. Learning new information constantly develops the self-knowledge and enables to go in-depth of understanding.