Some of the pro-life activists base their ideas of morality entirely on the current teaching of the Church. Others strengthen their opinion with scientific reasons. Dr. Jack Willke (Reich 9), President of the National Right to Life Committee, considers the embryo to be a human being from the moment of conception. His definition of "human being" depends upon the forty-six chromosomes first present in the fertilized ovum, or known as the zygote. "Contained within the single cell who I once was," he says, "was the totality of everything I am today." If Dr. Jack Willke (Reich 12) defines "human being" as the fourty-six chromosomes that were present in the the zygote, then what does he define as "murder?" For example, we eat meat such as cattle. Doesn't the cattle we eat come from a genetic makeup of chromosomes, just like the human body? Is it okay to murder an animal's "chromosome" life while we relentlessly strive to preserve a human soul? It seems as if he's labeling the human life as more valuable than any other life. The truth is, we all are living and if we try to save one life, then we also have to save another. According to Randall Terry, leader of the militant pro-life group Operation Rescue (Podell 276), says "science confirms" abortion is murder because "at conception, each of us is unique. The fact that I'm a 6-foot-1 inch male with blue eyes was included in that one-celled person I used to be." Again, this is a contradiction. If it is murder to destroy a fertilized egg, is it murder to destroy a sperm or an egg? Is it not true that each living sperm and egg are distinguishable from each other, thus, making it unique? If Mr. Terry's argument that abortion is murder because "at conception, each of us is unique," then, isn't every sperm produced during masturbation unique and therefore a mass murder? And when women menstruate each month, has someone died? It is obvious that the anti-abortionist argument is groundless and unconfirmed. If anti-abortionists cannot deliver a rational argument, then abortion in America should remain as an alternative from which women can choose.
"If a man fathers a hundred children and lives many years, however many they be, but his soul is not satisfied with good things, and he does not even have a proper burial, then I say, ÔBetter the miscarriage than he, for it comes in futility and goes into obscurity; and its name is covered in obscurity. It never sees the sun and it never knows anything; it is better off than he.'"Â
According to the verse King Solomon has stated above, the life of a newborn fetus is less valuable than a man who has a satisfying life. King Solomon makes the point that much of life is futile. Over and over he wrote that if life is pleasing, then we should be thankful. But when life is not gratifying, he says that it is sometimes better to end a pregnancy prematurely than to allow it to continue into a miserable life. It is not saying that we shouldn't bring new life into this world, but rather it is asserting that a miserable life is no life at all. Thus, abortion should be available to women who do not want to bring a neglected life into the world.Â
A woman who is forced to carry out an unwanted pregnancy is at risk. She has a greater possibility of depression and of being physically abused because she is less likely to seek early prenatal care and is more likely to use such harmful substances as tobacco and alcohol. Also, her relationship with a partner is at greater risk of dissolution. Furthermore, the mother and her partner are more likely to suffer through economic distress and fail to raise the child successfully.Â
Before the 1973 Supreme Court decision in 1973, this legalized abortion, thousands of women died because they did not want to give birth to a child and attempted to terminate the child's life by themselves through unethical means. Now that women are given the choice of abortion, thousands are saved. Abortion can save thousands of lives of women and therefore, should remain legal in the United States. This position invokes an act of utilitarianism; the greatest good for the greatest number. Can you say that's wrong?
Since earlier years, the purpose of abortion has been to act as a lifesaver for both child and mother. In the 20 years before abortion was legalized in the United States. It's been approximated that about one million women per year underwent illegal abortions. In the process, thousands of American women died and thousands more were mutilated. Every time society attempts to pass laws which prohibit the act of abortion, it encourages women to search for other alternatives which are often illegal and the results are often detrimental to her life anyway. Consequently, to protect the women's life, abortion should be legalized everywhere in America. According to abortion statistics, from the Alan Guttmacher Institute, about 15,000 women have had abortions each year because they become pregnant as a result of rape or incest. In Roe V. Wade, a landmark Supreme Court decision in 1973, stated that a woman and her physician had the liberty to decide to terminate a pregnancy during the first trimester, state governments can restrict abortion access after the first trimester with laws intended to protect the woman's health, and abortion after fetal viability must be available if the woman's health or life are at risk. In other situations, state governments have the right to prohibit abortions. Abortion, thereby, became authorized in the United States because the court decided to preserve the right to choose an abortion as a constitutionally protected liberty.
Abortion should remain legal in the U.S, and abortion should remain legal in the United States of America because it is medically safe. Biblical information that supports abortion and every child should be born wanted. Wanted children have a negative influence on the mother's mental and emotional life and, more importantly, these children have many difficulties to overcome; thus, killing two. And rather than the anti-abortionist argument of "Thou shall not kill," God has written in the Bible that there are some exceptions when dealing with murder.Â