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在八月和1917年9月,Vladimir Lenin写了《国家与革命》,本文将对这本书的摘录进行分析和研究。首先,文件应放在历史背景中。然后,应检查正文中的某些要点和参考。最后,本文将对文件的可靠性作为一个来源及其对现代欧洲历史学生的价值发表评论。在列宁写这本书的时候,欧洲大陆在第一次世界大战中已经肆虐了三年,俄国人民承受着沉重的负担。俄罗斯人希望从战争、贫困和饥饿中解脱出来。因此,1917年2月发生了大规模的罢工和抗议活动,推翻了沙皇政府。在地方,成立临时政府。列宁一直住在瑞士,不受政府可能的迫害。1917年7月,列宁回到了俄罗斯,相信时间是最后的权利与布尔什维克起义。然而,七月的抗议失败了。那些建立起来的领导人宣称,列宁和抗议的其他领导人只是由德国人支付来引起内乱。[ 1 ]因此,列宁逃到芬兰,那时他在纸上形成了他的国家哲学。


In August and September 1917, Vladimir Lenin wrote “State and Revolution.” This essay will analyze and examine an extract from this book. First, the document shall be placed into historical context. Then, certain points and references in the text shall be examined. Finally, the essay shall comment on the document’s reliability as a source and its value to a modern European History student. At the time Lenin wrote this book, the European continent had been raging in World War One for three years and Russian people were heavily suffering from the weight of it. Russians wanted a release—from the war, poverty and hunger. Thus, in February 1917, mass strikes and protests occurred and they overthrew the Tsar government. In place, a provisional government was established. Lenin had been living in Switzerland, safe from likely persecution by the government. In July 1917, Lenin returned to Russia believing the time was finally right to revolt with the Bolsheviks. However, the July protests failed. The established leaders proclaimed that Lenin and the other leaders of the protests were simply paid by the Germans to cause civil unrest.[1] Thus, Lenin fled to Finland, at which time he formed his philosophies on the state on paper.


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